Parmalina tiliacea

Thallus foliose, forming rosettes <20cm, upper surface blue-grey, undulate margins, dense cover of globose isidia (later claviform cilindrical).  Lower surface brown-black. Apothecia very rare.


Altitude: 560 m 
Ecology, geology: Hornblende-biotite granodiorite, Carboniferous-Permian


Location: Around the Church of Santa Helena , Port de la Selva (Alt Empordà)
Climate: North coast Mediterranean climate (Tmm=14.7ºC, AT=15ºC, 485 mm)

Lasallia pustulata

Thallus foliose, attached at a single point by a central strand (umbilicate), 3-15 cm, upper surface white-grey, when wet green-brown, with oval pustules, margins and cracks with black isidia.  Apothecia very rare.


Ecology, geology: Hornblende-biotite granodiorite, Carboniferous-Permian
Altitude: 560 m
Location: Around the Church of Santa Helena , Port de la Selva (Alt Empordà)
Climate: North coast Mediterranean climate (Tmm=14.7ºC, AT=15ºC, 485 mm)

Peltigera neckeri

Foliose, diameter <20cm, upper surface blue-grey; lower surface pale at margin and dark in the center, dark veins and rizines 5 mm long. Characteristic apothecia saddle-shape - tubular. Cortex spot test negative.



Ecology, geology: Diorites, Carboniferous-Permian
Altitude: 750 m
Location: Paratge Natural d'Interès Nacional de Poblet (Conca de Barberà)
Climate: Continental Mediterranean (Tmm=11,7ºC,  600mm)
Common name: black saddle pelt.


Umbilicaria freyi

Thallus umbilicate, diameter <10cm, upper surface pale grey, marginal schizidia to 2 mm wide; lower surface white to pale grey pink, apothecia rare. Medulla C+ and KC+ red. 




Ecology, geology: Diorites, Carboniferous-Permian
Altitude:
 1.000 m
Location: Paratge Natural d'Interès Nacional de Poblet (Conca de Barberà)
Climate: Continental Mediterranean (Tmm=11,7ºC,  600mm)
Common name: rock tripe.

Vulpicida pinastri

 Foliose, rosettes <6cm, bright lemon-yellow, sorediate margins. 


Ecology, geology: on Pinus uncinata. Sandstones and lutites in centimetric alternations of Cambrian-Ordovician.
Altitude: 1.860 m
Location: Barranc de les Comes de Rubió. Soriguera (Pallars Sobirà)
Climate: Western Pre-pyrenean Mediterranean (Tmm=6ºC,  700mm)
Common name: powdered sunshine lichen.

Peltigera venosa

Foliose, attached by a single rhizine on silicic soil. Upper surface bright green when wet. Lower surface white, pale, with reticulate villose veins with dark cephalodia. 1-6 Apothecia per lobe, <5mm diameter, rounded, flat. Photobiont chlorococcoid, cephalodia with Nostoc.



Ecology, geology: on siliceous and rich humus soil, Abies alba and Pinus uncinata forest. Sandstones and lutites in centimetric alternations of Cambrian-Ordovician.
Altitude: 1.925 m
Location: Barranc de Pussatrapa. Soriguera (Pallars Sobirà)
Climate: Western Pre-pyrenean Mediterranean (Tmm=6ºC,  700mm)
Common name: fan lichen



Pleopsidium flavum

Crustose, on silicic rocks. Thallus brilliant yellow, with radiating lobes.
Apothecia (0,5-1,2 mm) with persistent thalline margins.

Pleopsidium flavum
Third pitch of the climbing route "Esperó de Doppelmayer"

Ecology, geology: Metamorphic rocks, slates and schists (Silurian)
Altitude: 2.000 m
Location: Ordino Arcalís Station (Andorre)
Climate: Oceanic (Tmm=9,6ºC,  900mm)

More lichens in this rock climbing route: Vertilíquens - Balma d'Arcalís - Esperó Doppelmayr 90m (MD-)


Pleopsidium flavum on andesite from "Midi d'Ossau - Jolly (400m MD+) France"

Common name: gold cobblestone lichen